Alpine grassland in the alpine zone
The wide expanse of alpine grassland extending into the area above the upper limit of tree growth, still presents difficult living conditions but, in comparison with higher-lying regions, there is a certain diversification of the environment here. The different characteristics of the various habitats depend upon the type of rock present, climate and aspect. At this altitude, within the Park, we may find fescue and mat-grass grasslands or large areas covered by sedges. Every one of these plant associations is characterized by areas dominated by conspicuous, single herbaceous plant species. Only where particularly favourable conditions allow, we may come across the first woody plants. These are small shrubs growing in wind-swept heathlands and snow valleys. Where the particular orography of the land allows the formation of a pond, a specific type of vegetation has evolved: plants adapted to life in the wetlands.